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Jocelyn Stevens' Queen fashion monthly magazine from 1967
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Women's monthly magazines:
Scene to Zest

This page links to profiles of women's monthly magazines, many of which are known as glossies or slicks because of their high production values and upmarket editorial, often based around fashion and beauty. Some weekly women's magazines - such as Grazia and Riva - are included because of their attempts to establish themselves as weekly glossies. The main index page for these women's monthlies is here. The magazines are arranged alphabetically on the following pages:

Main women's monthly magazines index page.

Women's magazine sales (1938-59).


Scene magazine december 1988
Scene - a glossy women's fashion monthly that was known for its use of photography
 

Scene Back to top

Spiro Group, fashion monthly, November 1997 - 2000
Cutting-edge fashion photography under editor Deborah Bee became the trade mark for Scene, which had started out more as a catalogue. In October 1998, the Times quoted photographer David Bailey as saying it was second only to Italian Vogue:

‘For photography, Scene is the best magazine in England. You know it will use your pictures well, unlike the others, where complicated design has taken over.’

A month later, the magazine used 70-year-old Daphne Selfe for a shoot. But soon after, Bee left to revive Nova for IPC and the title closed.


She September 2011 - last issue
She - September 2011 cover - the last issue

The first issue of She in March 1955
The first issue of She in March 1955

She November 1974
Large format version in November 1974

 

She Back to top

National Magazine Company/Hearst, monthly, 1955-2011
Must vie for the top spot when it comes to the most relaunched women's monthly magazine. Back in 1970 under editor Pamela Carmichael, it looked very different, being a large format title but only using colour for the cover and advertising. Known for extensive use of picture stories and witty captions. Printed by Sun Printers (Watford and London). In 1984, She was relaunched with slightly smaller pages and perfect binding rather than saddle stitching. Circulation rose slightly to 232,000.

In 1989, She was considered to be Britain's most sexually explicit women's magazine. It ran a regular feature, 'Love-making Position of the Month' – complete with diagram. However, the formula was not working and NatMags decided on a relaunch. Linda Kelsey, editor of sister title Cosmopolitan, replaced Joyce Hopkirk. The magazine became an 'emotionally based' magazine for women aged 26-44 with children, rather than working women with no children. Kelsey said that nothing would be left of the She as it had been and that it would become 'a grown-up Cosmo'. The radical re-positioning was seen as the start of a trend in consumer publishing, with magazines trying to set themselves apart as being distinctive and for a more tightly defined market. In 1990, £600,000 was spent advertising the relaunch on television. Also, a 16-page sample issue was distributed to 500,000 households. Sales rose above 200,000 but peaked. In 1996, NatMags launched biennial Having a Baby, which had been a banded-on supplements to She since 1994.
Another relaunch, in 1998, saw a new-look She aiming to attract women in 'middle youth' - a term coined by Emap for women aged between 30 and 39. A man appeared on the front cover for the first time in 1998 - George Clooney, then in US hospital drama ER. He was 'intelligent, glamorous, funny and sexy - just like She magazine,' said the company. The aim was to attract thirty-something readers. A new tagline, 'Inside the head of a thirtysomething woman', replaced the existing line, 'A great balance for modern women.'
An October 2005 revamp came in response to several years of slow sales followed by a massive drop of 17 per cent in early 2005 figures. NatMags got rid of all the old staff, so this was a new magazine under the same name. Editor Matthew Line told PR Week:

‘It's not a relaunch - it's a totally different magazine. I was drafted in a year ago to work on a launch codenamed "project Julie", and in April it was decided that She would go and the new magazine would take its name.’ The new version is aimed at ‘a younger 35-plus audience with modern lifestyles’.

Line stood down from the title just six months after the relaunch in April 2006.

Sales continued to fall and the last issue was dated September 2011. Hearst Magazines UK - formed in March that year when US parent Hearst bought Hachette Filipacchi from French media group Lagardere - closed She and Cosmopolitan Bride, following a strateegy review. She's circulation was 144,583 at the end of 2010
National Magazines profile


Sleazenation Che Guevara
Sleazenation Che Guevara cover (February 2001)

Sleazenation animated cover
October 2001 Sleazenation cover was an attached lenticular sheet on which the words 'Absolute sell-out' changed colour as the cover was tilted
Sleazenation animated cover

 

Sleazenation / Sleaze Back to top

Swinstead, London. Fashion / lifestyle monthly. 1996-2005

Fashion and lifestyle magazine with Steve Beale as founding editor. Used slogans such as 'Now even more superficial', '100 pages of hype & lies' and 'Absolute sell-out'.

The October 2001 issue (£3.20; 132pp; editor, Steve Slocombe) was sponsored by Absolut vodka. The front cover was an attached lenticular sheet on which the words 'Absolute sell-out' changed colour as the cover was tilted. Absolut had an 'animated' lenticular advert on back cover.

Sleazenation relaunched in April 2004 as Sleaze (the same month that Emap closed The Face). The editor was Neil Boorman who ran the titles as 'a vaguely anti-corporate style magazine' - despite its level of advertising. However, the attempt failed and the title closed a few months later.
Swinstead profile

Der Spiegel lenticular cover

NME lenticular cover


Sleek magazine cover
Sleek - the spring 2007 issue (above) is called solid/liquid, about 'chrome, chaps and champagne'. Cover is from a 22-page fashion photo shoot by Terry Richardson of model Irina Lazareanu, which starts by quoting lyrics from 'La Belle et la Bête' by Babyshambles
 

Sleek Back to top

Sleek Friends GmbH, Berlin. Quarterly. 2003-
Berlin-based quarterly and website focusing on contemporary art, photography and fashion. Each edition has a title such as street/elite, solid/liquid and pure/dirty. Sleek 'finds the connection between glamour, the cutting edge and intellectual substance' and seeks 'to be highly relevant for a few, rather than a little relevant for many'. Text appears in both English and German. Print run is 23,000 copies (2007) with 5.7 readers per copy. Very glossy feel - 135gsm paper and 350gsm for the cover. Website seen as core to the title. Email newsletter has 24,500 subscribers. Male/female balance is 48/52 for the magazine but 56/44 online and the target reader is 28-38-years-old. Publishes advertising rate card for non-profit groups that halves the usual cost (€2,500 rather than €5000 for a page). The publisher/editor is Lothar Eckstein
Sleek website


Tatler & Bystander from 1943
The Tatler & Bystander (1943 issue) - carried advertising on its cover into the 1950s (and 1970s)

Tatler Christmas issue from 1934
Christmas 1934

Tatler & Bystander in 1955
By 1955 Tatler & Bystander had changed its covers. Note the Tatler character

Tatler magazine in 1964
1965. The name Bystander is in the 'r' of the title, with the Tatler character below

Tatler 1975
1968 relaunch with the old cover design. This is from 1975

Tatler January 1979
A 1979 issue

Tatler in 1982 under Tina Brown
May 1982 with Tina Brown

tatler celebrates 280 years
October 1989: celebrating 280 years of the name with a female Tatler character

 

Tatler Back to top

Tatler Publishing Co / Illustrated Newspapers / Thomson / Condé Nast, monthly, 3 July 1903 -
The Tatler name dates back to 1709 when it was used by Addison and Steele, the founding fathers of English journalism, until 1711. However, the present-day society magazine only appeared in 1903 as a weekly. The cover carried advertising with a masthead and border featuring the Tatler character as a gentleman bowing in greeting. Like many magazines, it ran a special Christmas issue with an illustrated cover issue, a concept dating back to the Victorian era.

Later, it was published by Illustrated Newspapers at 32-34 St Bride St, just off Fleet St, and printed by the Cornwall Press in Stamford St. A February 1936 issue with coverage of the funeral of King George V carried a black border to the cover. During the second world war, the Tatler absorbed Bystander magazine (published from 9 December 1903 to 30 October 1940) to become Tatler and Bystander. In the mid-1950s, the publishers redesigned the cover and started using photographs and illustrations. There were several redesigns in the next 10 years:

  • a boxed masthead in the top left;
  • a vertical panel promoting the contents on the left side;
  • the title right across the top of the cover in serif capitals;
  • as previously but in upper and lower case;
  • in a lower case sans serif face.

The number of changes suggests the magazine was in turmoil and in 1965 the publishers, by then controlled by Thomson, closed the title. (Queen, another society title, also had problems in the 1950s but was transformed by Jocelyn Stevens.) Tatler was incorporated into a new title, London Life (under former Sunday Times Magazine editor Mark Boxer). However, within two years, London Life folded, the Illustrated County Magazine Group (publishers of East Anglia Life) bought the Tatler name, and relaunched it as a monthly in March 1968. A news item in East Anglia Life (Nov 1967) ran:

'The Tatler was widely regretted when it disappeared two years ago as there was no top class social magazine on a national scale left - the Tatler being the last and best of them. Now it is coming back in its proper form as a mirror of Society as it has always been since it was founded by Addison and Steele at the beginning of the 18th century.'

The group reverted to the cover style that Tatler had used in the first half of the 20th century. In 1979, the Australian millionaire Gary Bogard bought the title and appointed Tina Brown as editor. She boosted sales and in 1982, Condé Nast bought the title, bringing with it Brown. Tatler had a few turbulent months after Brown resigned in 1983 to concentrate on writing (but soon go on to Vanity Fair and later The New Yorker in the US). BBC Radio 4 presenter Libby Purves took over but only lasted a few weeks before cartoonist Mark Boxer ('Marc') - and former London Life editor - returned to the Tatler fold. He became editor-in-chief of both Vogue and Tatler but died in 1988 of cancer.

The October 1989 issue claimed the heritage of the Tatler name by celebrating 280 years since a magazine with that title first came out. (The Spectator, established in 1828 claims to be the oldest continuously-published magazine in the English language; and in 1711, Steele and Addison also founded a newspaper called the Spectator.)

Tatler has published regular supplements and spin-offs. Alongside the restaurant and travel guides, were Totler, for children (1995), and Bratler, for teenagers (1997). The latter listed 25 things its readers should have done by the age of 18, such as:

  • spent a night in a police cell;
  • tried soft drugs;
  • crashed their parents' car;
  • got laid;
  • admitted they masturbated;
  • had a pregnancy scare;
  • said the 'F-word' in front of their parents;
  • questioned their sexuality;
  • played with an ouija board;
  • had a ludicrous haircut;
  • stayed out all night;
  • slept on a park bench;
  • gone out with the 'weirdest person you know'.

The essence of the title was summed up by Geordie Greig, who left his post as literary editor on the Sunday Times to take up the editorship in 1999:

'Editing Tatler might be compared to riding in a Bugatti - a fabulously designed classic vehicle with plenty of speed, gripping power, beauty, sex appeal and an eclectic range of glamorous people in the passenger seat coming along for the ride.'

The title regards itself today as a:

'society magazine with a cutting edge ... it's an event! Tatler is a vibrant mix of fashion, beauty and sensational features giving insights into the lives of the world's leading and most glamorous celebrities. Tatler presents the social comment of the day with wit, glamour and style.'

Condé Nast profile


Vanity Fair in 1950
Vanity Fair - launched as a fashion title in November 1950 by National Magazines

Vanity Fair feb 1982
February 1972 (15p): one of the last issues under editor Audrey Slaughter carried a two-page advert for the forthcoming Cosmopolitan

Vanity Fair Harry Potter oct 2001
Vanity Fair - the Condé Nast version since 1990. For this October 2001 cover, the magazine sent photographer Annie Liebowitz to the Leavesden studios in Watford where the latest Harry Potter was then being filmed. Most of the magazine's covers are related to cinema

 

Vanity Fair (UK) Back to top

1868-1914; 1950-1972 (National Magazines);
1990- (Condé Nast, monthly, US version in UK)
The Vanity Fair published in the UK today is a version of the US title. However, a magazine called Vanity Fair was launched in the UK in 1868 by Thomas Gibson Bowles, who wrote a lot of the material himself. It was a 'weekly show of political, social and literary wares' and became famous for its caricatures by artists such as Max Beerbohm, Spy (Sir Leslie Ward), Ape (Carlo Pellegrini), Lib (Liborio Prosperi) and James Jacques Tissot. It ran for 2,361 issues, from 7 November 1868 to 28 January 1914 when it was merged into Hearth and Home (an illustrated weekly for the home launched in 1891); this closed in 1929.

In November 1950, a new version based around fashion was launched by National Magazines (now Hearst UK), publishers of Harper's Bazaar and Good Housekeeping. It was for "the Younger Smarter Woman", with ready-made fashion that young women could afford rather than haute couture. NatMags puts the peak of its circulation at 238,000 copies in 1956, and it claimed to be 'Britain's largest circulating fashion magazine' in 1957. The magazine also ran a yearly competition, in association with Butlins, to find Miss Vanity Fair. By 1962 it was edited by Phyllis Bayley and published 18 times a year (monthly, but bimonthly in busy periods such as spring and autumn, a frequency that was common then).

In June 1970, Audrey Slaughter, former editor of IPC's Honey and Petticoat magazines, was appointed editor to replace Hazel Evans. Brian Braithwaite was publisher. However, the magazine was in a weak position - the July 1970 issue ran to just 72 pages (26 of advertising) plus cover - and Slaughter was unable to turn it round. Meanwhile, the company decided to import Cosmopolitan from its US parent. That appeared in March 1972 and was an immediate success. The February issue of Vanity Fair (84 pages) featured a two-page advert for the the new magazine in the form of a questionnaire. Vanity Fair's circulation had fallen to about 93,000 and, just two months after Cosmo's launch, it was sold to IPC, who merged it with Honey. Slaughter took her staff and set up a company to launch Over 21 (‘Produced by the former staff of Vanity Fair’ said a cover flash on the first issue, with the cover date May 1972 ).

The magazine's history in the US is just as chequered. It was founded in 1914 and in 1922 Vogue publisher Condé Nast bought Vanity Fair and House & Garden to form Condé Nast Publications. However, in 1936 he merged the title with Vogue. It was revived in 1983 in the US, at a cost of $7m. The March issue carried 168 pages of advertising worth $1.4m. However, the initial circulation near halved, as did advertising revenue. It became, in the words of The Washington Post,

‘one of the most lavishly pathetic spectacles in modern publishing’.

Three editors had no success until Tina Brown arrived from Tatler in London (editor 1984-1992), since when it has not looked back (under E. Graydon Carter).

By 1990, the magazine had a US circulation of 750,000 and it was decided to launch it in the UK with the same editorial as in the US and no editorial staff in the UK. Only the advertising (and hence the pagination) changed. (Although this was an unusual decision, it was not without precedent: Condé Nast had done the same with men's magazine Esquire in the 1950s.) Condé Nast claimed Vanity Fair was already selling about 12,000 imported copies an issue without any promotion. Publisher Sally Vincent predicted sales of about 50,000 copies a month with a marketing budget of £1m. She expected the magazine to attract up-market adults with a median age of 30, about 40% of whom would be men. In 1990, Campaign reported that editor Tina Brown had justified choosing Cher rather than Maria Maples for the November cover so: ‘In light of the Gulf crisis, we thought a brunette was more appropriate.’ June 1991 saw a row between the Times and Vanity Fair. The magazine had reported the last words of Margaret Thatcher on resigning as prime minister as being that home was the place ‘you come to when you have nothing better to do’. The newspaper said this was a misquotation, a charge denied by Brown. By the end of the year, the magazine was claiming sales of 63,000.

Tina Brown left in July 1992 to edit The New Yorker. She was replaced by E. Graydon Carter, then editor of The New York Observer and a founder of Spy. Brown had boosted circulation with a series of editorial coups and controversial covers, such as a naked, pregnant, Demi Moore (August 1991) and singer KD Laing being shaved in a barber’s chair by model Cindy Crawford. The American Society of Magazine Editors voted the Moore cover the second best seen in the previous 40 years. In October 1992, Henry Porter, former editor of the Sunday Correspondent Magazine was appointed London editor with Francis Wheen as contributing editor. The next year, British editorial was added in the form of four or five pages of diary items, reviews, short stories and news. Condé Nast concentrated on the top end of the market, with Vogue, Tatler and Vanity Fair each aiming at specialist niches. Vanity Fair showed Oasis singer Liam Gallagher with fiancee Patsy Kensit on a 1997 cover under a Union Jack duvet for an article rating London the hippest city in the world. It was seen as less assured in 2005 when it had to pay out £50,000 in libel damages plus costs to film maker Roman Polanski.
Condé Nast profile
Hearst UK (National Magazines) profile


Vogue, 1916: launch of 'Brogue' during Great War
May 1918 issue of Vogue. At this time, the whole cover was an illustration

Vogue 1965 Norman Parkinson
Norman Parkinson front cover for Vogue (15 October 1965). This issue was printed by Sun in Watford, ran to 164 pages and cost 3s. The editor was Beatrix Miller

Vogue Kylie Minogue Vogue cover
Vogue with Kylie Minogue on the front cover

 

Vogue (UK) Back to top

Condé Nast, monthly, 1916-
Flagship magazine for Condé Nast in terms of longevity (founded 1892 in the US), advertising volume and reputation, if not total sales. British Vogue ("Brogue") was launched in 1916 whn the war made it impossible to carry on importing copies from the US. It had a virtual monopoly on style and fashion until Harper's Bazaar came along in 1929.

In May 1996, watchmaker Omega withdrew its advertising from Vogue and complained that the 'skeletal appearance' of models in the magazine's fashion pages might help push girls into anorexia.

Vogue is renowned as a style bible and is one of the most sought-after magazines by collectors because of its high quality editorial, photography and production values. In 2005, Vogue put up selection of covers on its website as part of a celebration of 10 years of Vogue.com.

The faster pace of the magazine market is demonstrated by fact that Vogue editors used to have 20-year-long tenures - Audrey Withers 1940-1960; Beatrix Miller 1964-1986 - but the arrival of Anna Wintour in 1986 changed that. After Wintour went over to run US Vogue, Liz Tilberis took over 'Brogue' in 1989. She was followed in 1992 by Alexandra Shulman, who was in the chair to celebrate Vogue's centenary in the uK in 2016.
Condé Nast profile
Madonna on Vogue covers


What to Wear
What to Wear - TV spin-off from the BBC
 

What to Wear [closed] Back to top

BBC Worldwide, quarterly, Summer 2004-?
Quarterly that was published to coincide with each season's new fashion collections. Aims to offer18- to 30 year-old women practical rules of style based around shopping for their shape, as portrayed by Trinny Woodhall and Susannah Constantine in BBC2's What Not To Wear show. The presenters were contributing editors to the 'handbag'-sized 'micro-glossy'. Its first ABC sales figure came in at 80,000, which leapt by half a year later to 120,296. The magazine was originally a free What Not To Wear sampler with the December 2003 issue of Eve (which the BBC later sold to Haymarket).
BBC (Immediate Media) profile
Archived website for the show


Wife and Home magazine front cover
Wife and Home from February 1950
 

Wife and Home [closed] Back to top

Amalgamated Press, monthly
The 'married woman's magazine'. Published at least from 1931 to 1955. The V&A holds a 'Leo the Lion and Tim the Tiger' pattern for two stuffed toys by 'Finella', Wife and Home's knitting expert in the 1940s.


Woman's World magazine cover july 1979
Woman's World cover from July 1979. The main cover line is: 'Exclusive. The agony of being Anna Raeburn'
 

Woman's World [closed] Top

Carlton/IPC, monthly, 1978 - May 1990
Extensive competition resulting in declining advertising revenues and a drop in circulation of 31,000 copies, or 18% year-on-year, led to the title’s closure in 1990. The women's magazine market was described at the time as ‘cut-throat’ with many titles fighting to stay afloat during an economic recession - and IPC was struggling to maintain its hold on the women's magazine market with the arrival of titles such as New Woman, and Best and Bella from the German publisher Bauer. Also, IPC might not have been fully behind the Carlton title. The July 1979 issue was described as being 'created by Carlton Publishing Services, Ltd'; published by IPC; printed by Odhams (Watford); covers printed by Fleetway (Gravesend). It had 124 stapled pages and cost 40p. The flannel panel listed, in this order, the managing editor as Terry Hornett; the managing art editor as Roger Pinney; and the editor Bridget Rowe (former assistant editor of the Sun who became editor of Woman's Own in February 1986). Features editor was Richard Barber
IPC/Time Inc UK profile


Woman and Home magazine cover
Woman & Home: sales still rising

Woman and Home sept 1949Woman & Home in September 1949 after it had taken over Good Needlework

Woman and Home South Africa magazine cover
Woman & Home first issue in South Africa

 

Woman & Home Back to top

Amalgamated Press / IPC Media / Time Inc UK, monthly, 1926 -
Now aimed at 40-somethings, Woman & Home has succeeded in reinventing itself for generations of women. It is a fast-growing lifestyle title, epitomising a ‘brand new attitude’ for women over 35. Sales were up about 8% in 2005.

For much of its life, an extra source of revenue was from dress patterns and transfers. The 1949 issue to the left (price 9d) featured a cottage-shaped tea cosy (pattern 1s 1d) , flower embroidery and back-to-school clothes in its centre four colour pages. The article featured on the cover was Cecil Beaton's life story. Apart from the centre pages, the only colour was on the cover with adverts for Dettol Ointment, Gloria shampoo and Bird's Custard.

In 2005, IPC licensed Woman & Home to Caxton, South Africa's largest publisher. The launch editor was Frith Thomas.
IPC/Time Inc UK profile


Working Woman october 1984Working Woman first issue with October 1984 cover date. BA manager Jennifer Coutts Clay was the cover subject; Body Shop founder Anita Roddick fronted the next edition

Working Woman 1985
Redesign for September 1985, though still with a woman executive on the cover

Working Woman 1986 last issue
Working Woman last issue with Oct-Nov 86 cover date

 

Working Woman [closed] To top

Wintour Publications / Preston Publications, monthly, October 1984 - Oct/Nov 86
Audrey Slaughter was launch editor for this magazine aimed at women executives. It had financial backing from its US counterpart (Working Woman USA), ICFC, an anonymous donor and a consortium led by Ms Slaughter.

Within a year, the masthead was redesigned, probably for better legibility on news-stands, and cover subjects were shown larger. In 1986, Marketing reported that Slaughter was concerned about the reluctance of advertisers to back the magazine. It was bought by millionaire Peter Cadbury under the name Preston Publications with a Fleet St address. However, Slaughter fell out with Cadbury over his plans to popularise the magazine and she left. Pandora Wodehouse was made editor in May. Sales were reported as about 30,000.

The July and August issues were merged. The title was revamped with another masthead style; horoscopes were introduced; and it moved away from actual women as the cover subject. Despite the changes, publication of Working Woman was suspended in September with Cadbury blaming losses of £200,000 an issue. The last issue was dated October-November with Sue Reid as editor. Her letter to readers ended: 'A few people have suggested that this magazine would disappear altogether. We say, certainly not. I say, we're here to stay.'

Slaughter also wrote a book, The Working Woman's Handbook: How to Organize Your Life, which was published by Century in May 1986.


Yours January 2005
Yours - for women turned 50 with actress Dame Judi Dench on the cover
 

Yours Back to top

Emap Esprit, monthly, Autumn 1984-
Aimed at women aged 50 and more and a consistent member of the top five best-sellers. Emap has tried to bring the median age down in recent years to be nearer 50 than 60, which has included using TV advertising. Covers focus on woman such as Diana Rigg, Cilla Black and Joan Collins. Spin-off Yours Health Plus first appeared in 2001 and was was launched as a standalone title Health Plus in 2005, but it was withdrawn in 2006 because of competition in the sector as the topic of health went more mainstream. The title was originally owned by charity Help the Aged. Emap's Choice Publications division bought it in February 1985, relaunched it as a colour tabloid and set about expanding the 120,000 circulation. Sales rose steadily and picked up in the late 1990s as it became an A4 magazine and improved editorial and production quality.
Emap profile


Zest first issue cover
First issue of Cosmo spin-off Zest
 

Zest Back to top

National Magazines/Hearst UK, monthly (since 1996), Autumn 1994-2014
'Health and beauty for a new generation.' Started life as banded-on supplement with Cosmopolitan in autumn 1994 (though the original bra-burning generation of readers of Cosmo would probably have gone spare at the sight of Zest!). Editors: Vanessa Raphaely and Eve Cameron. Went monthly from April 1996. In 1997, became a masthead TV programme. It closed at the start of 2014, with sales of about 60,000 copies.
Hearst (National Magazines) profile


Women's magazines, the monthly glossies - Back to top

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