The secrets of magazine cover design by Tony Quinn:
1. The key ingredients
|Ingredients||Use on front cover|
|Masthead (title, logotype, logo or nameplate)||
The name of the magazine displayed in a specific typeface. This is the visual branding of the title and is often done in a specially designed typeface to be easily recognised and unique. The title or logotype - often these days called a masthead - is usually used on the contents page inside as well as the front cover, and as a logo for advertising and branding purposes. Titles for leading magazines are often designed by specialised typographers such as Dave Farey and Richard Dawson (Good Food, Maxim and Design Week) and Matthew Carter (Private Eye).
Also, WATCH OUT for my book on British Magazine Design out now!
Note that the Cosmo title above overlays the cover image. Some magazines will put the image on top of the title, as with the 1916 Bystander. Rarely these days, the title lettering will be split or the whole title moved to allow space for an image
|Dateline||Month and year of publication, often with the price. Note that a monthly magazine usually hits the news-stands the month before the cover date|
|Main image||In the case of this front cover there is a single image of the American model Shana Zadrick. The image is used in a classic way, the face is big enough to stand out on the news-stand, with the model making full eye-contact|
|Model credit||This says: 'Shana: So hot.' It is unusual for such a credit to appear on a magazine front cover, but it is done sometimes on fashion magazines. The photographer and model credit is usually on the contents page|
|Cover lines||From the 1950s, greater competition on the newsstands resulted in more cover lines. Today, some magazines print special covers for subscribers' copies that use few cover lines. Cosmopolitan magazine uses a lot of cover lines, which are distributed around the main image without detracting from it too much. A mistake often made with cover lines is that they run over an image that has a lot of colour changes, rendering the words difficult to read. This is a problem here with the red text on the hair on the left and the smaller yellow text against Shania's skin|
|Main cover line||This is very large - taking up almost a quarter of the magazine cover - and comes in three layers, each with a different colour. It promotes the use of naked male centrefolds, a feature of Cosmopolitan in the UK since its first issue. Note the main cover line is positioned against the model's shoulder so it shows up clearly|
The left third of the magazine cover is vital for sales in shops where the magazine is not shown full-frontage - as on these crammed shelves at a Zurich airport newsagent. The title must stand out in a display of dozens of competitors. The start of the masthead is important here, as are short cover lines that are easy to read
The top fifth of the cover - usually dominated by the masthead - may be the vital part in supermarkets or bookshops, where magazines are displayed differently
|Bar code||Standard bar code used by retailers, displayed on UK magazines since 1988. Will often include publication date and price. Special subscriber covers often omit this|
|Selling line||Short, sharp description of the title's main marketing point (for Cosmopolitan: 'The world's No 1 magazine for young women') or perhaps setting out its editorial philosophy, such as FHM's 'funny, sexy, useful'|
|Covers evolve over time||
They may be tweaked to exploit new printing techniques; switch from full face to a body shot; use illustration rather than photography; move the target readership age up or down; or simply to freshen things up. Take a look at 4 Girl covers for one example; or 3 covers from Record Mirror. Compare the cover above with Cosmo's first UK issue in 1972. What's changed and why? Pay attention to detail - does the cover image go in front of or behind the masthead? Why do you think Company's 2001 masthead is so similar to Cosmopolitan's?
Many magazines try to stand out more when they launch, have an anniversary, want to promote a particular article, or have an advertiser who wants a split or gatefold cover. Tactics that have been used include metallic, fluorescent or other special inks, holograms, lenticular covers (which appear to move), embossing, scratch panels, and even diamond-like crystals. Some issues have come in plastic bags or cardboard boxes. And then there are cover gifts (which have the disadvantage of obscuring the cover)
The Magforum blog has a section on notable covers
|More cover ideas|
There have been many legal cases brought by publishers accusing each other of copying designs. The main charge is that one title is trying to 'pass itself off' as another. Among the battles have been:
However, many titles do imitate another's design or name and some sectors, such as the celebrity weeklies and home magazines end up with a similar look. Among the main design strategies are:
This page is copyright. You cannot just copy it into your own web page and republish it. If you want to use part of it or a summary, for example, on a website, in a project report, business presentation or for teaching material, you must credit the source and add a web link if online:
The secrets of magazine cover design by Tony Quinn
Please contact me - tony [at] magforum.com if you need advice. Thanks!
|Other relevant pages:||